In December, the Internal Revenue Service issued the 2017 optional standard mileage rates used to calculate the deductible costs of operating an automobile for business, charitable, medical or moving purposes.
With gas prices dropping in 2016 and vehicle prices holding steady, the optional mileage rates for business, medical and moving expenses for 2017 dropped to their lowest levels in six years.
As of January 1, 2017, the standard mileage rates for the use of a car (also vans, pickups or panel trucks) will be:
· 53.5 cents per mile for business miles driven (down from 54 cents for 2016);
· 17 cents per mile driven for medical or moving purposes (down from 19 cents for 2016);
· 14 cents per mile driven in service of charitable organizations (permanently set by statute).
The standard mileage rate for business is based on an annual study of the fixed and variable costs of operating an automobile. The rate for medical and moving purposes is based on the variable costs.
Proper use of the business standard mileage rate is optional and takes place the of deducting all actual costs of the automobile allocable to business use (such as depreciation, maintenance and repairs, tires, gasoline, oil, insurance, and license and registration fees).
The business standard mileage rate may NOT be used for an automobile after using any depreciation method under the Modified Accelerated Cost Recovery System (MACRS) or after claiming a Section 179 deduction for that automobile. In addition, the business standard mileage rate cannot be used for more than four vehicles being used simultaneously.
For more details and other requirements, visit www.irs.gov, Rev. Proc. 2010-51.
Source: IR-2016-169, Notice 2016-79